Tripura (land adjoining water) is located in the extreme southwest corner of the North East. This hilly land locked area spreads over a total area of 10,492 sq km, covering approximately 0.29 per cent of the Indian landmass and 3.9 per cent of the entire North East. This land of hilly slopes, flat lands, rivers, lakes, hillocks and forests stretches between 91.09 degree to 92.20 degree East longitude and 22.56 degree to 24.32 degree North latitude.
The state of Tripura was merged with the Indian Union on October 15, 1949 after Independence of the Country as a 'C'category state and became a Union Territory in July 1963 before being conferred full Statehood on January 21, 1972. Tripura shares a 856 km of international border with Bangladesh.
Despite being geographically the smallest state in the region, it is the 2nd most populous state in the North East, the first being, Assam. According to the Census of 2001, Tripura has a total population of 3,191,168, with a density of 304 persons per sq km and ranks 22nd in India. It constitutes 0.31 per cent population of India and 8.18 per cent of the entire North East. Even though Tripura was a tribal majority state to begin with, it has lost its tribal nature largely due to large-scale migration from neighbouring Bangladesh. Tribals have been reduced to a minority status leading a social upheaval in the State. Bengali and Kakborak are the two principal languages in the State.
Agriculture is the mainstay of Tripura's economy. Agricultural sector sector provides employment to nearly 51 per cent of the total workers in the State. The per capita income at current prices of the state stands at Rs 10931 and at constant prices Rs 6813 in the financial year 2000-2001. Tripura ranks 22nd in the human resource development index and 24th in the poverty index in India according to the sources of 1991. The literacy rate of Tripura is 73.66, higher than the all India literacy rate of 65.20 percent.
Some quality timber like Sal, Garjan, Teak, Gamar are found abundantly in the forests of the State. The most important mineral resource of Tripura is oil and natural gas. However, the industrial sector in this State continues to be highly underdeveloped.





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