Speech of Shri Pu P. R. Kyndiah, Governor of Mizoram before the Third Mizoram Legislative Assembly on 12th March, 1996
Hon’ble Speaker and distinguished members of this august House,
It is a great pleasure to welcome you all to the 8th Session of the Third Mizoram State Legislative Assembly and that we are meeting here in the new building of the Legislative Assembly which is being held today after a gap of about three years. I take this opportunity to convey my greetings and the very best wishes to each one of you. It is my sincere hope that the deliberations of this august House will strengthen the democratic values and the foundation of development of the State and the well-being of its people.
It is a matter of satisfaction that during the past one year, the State Government had succeeded in maintaining overall peace in the State. Although at times, there were tensions but such situations were tackled effectively by the Government by taking timely action. However, the problem of infiltration of foreign nationals from the neighboring countries continues to pose a serious threat to the peaceful environment in the State. The State government is fully alive to the situation and is taking necessary steps to detect and deport the illegal immigrants by lawful means. One battalion of Indian Reserve Police has been made available to Mizoram to reinforce the infrastructure for strengthening the administration. I commend the zeal and determination of the law enforcing agencies in tackling the criminal activities in the State and bringing down the crime figures during the past one year.
During 1995, the Mizoram Police had apprehended 26 members of ULFA/PLA/ALP/ATTF and recovered 17 sophiscated arms and a large quantity of ammunitions. In order to strengthen the Mizoram Police administration, a new Police Sub-Division at Chawngte, an Immigration Office-cum-Out Post at Zokhawthar, a Police Out Post at Bairabi River and State Crime Record Bureau and Fire Sub-Station at Tlabung have been sanctioned. The Narcotic Cell at Aizawl has been declared as a Police Station and Crime Against Women Cell is also being set up under CID/SB, Aizawl. During the year 1995-96, the Central Government has earmarked Rs.43.89 lakhs for Mizoram to modernize the Police force. Out of this amount Rs.21.95 lakhs was sanctioned and has already been received as first installment. Besides these, various schemes for modernization of the Police Force and augmentation in residential accommodation for Police personnel are under implementation with the financial assistance from the Central Government. I am happy to state that an amount of Rs.465.14 lakhs has been recommended by the Tenth Finance Commission for upgradation of Mizoram Police which, among various other items, includes construction of buildings for Police Station /Out Posts, Police Housing, PTC Hospital, Police Telecommunication and Fire Service infrastructure.
Hon’ble members are aware that eh State Government has been continuously taking suitable steps to open up Mizoram in the fields of communication. Commencement of the construction of a new Airport at Lengpui is a landmark in the history of the State. There is no doubt that the airport, when completed, will open up immense economic possibilities for development of the State in various spheres. Development of the road communication is imperative for all round progress and development of the people. Keeping this in mind, the Government has been laying greater emphasis on this matter and the Public Works Department (PWD) continues to provide a network a road in the State and has completed 29.91 kilometres of formation cutting, soling of 15.83 kilometres, metalling of 36.65 kilometres, black topping of 31.60 kilometres besides construction of 134 minor bridges and culverts. Apart from the above, the Public Works Department has completed construction of Tourist Lodge at Lunglei during the year. It is also expected to complete the following building works during current financial year:-
Fire Service Building, Aizawl.
Civil Hospital Administrative Block, Aizawl.
Verical Industrial Building, Aizawl.
Central Circle PWD Office Building, Aizawl.
Conference Hall-cum-Auditorium of Information & Public Relations Department, Aizawl.
The State Government is determined to provide better transport facilities to the people and towards that end vigorous efforts are being made. Construction of new Bus Station at Zawlnuam, Lungdar ‘E’, Ngopa, Sialsuk, Khawbung. Bungtlang ‘S’ and Hnahthial has been completed and commissioned during the year. The Department has already commissioned 6 new Buses and proposed to purchase 7 more buses during the year. The members are aware that the Mizoram Motor Vehicles Rules under Motor Vehicles Act 1988 have already been framed and laid before the Mizoram Legislative Assembly on 13.12.95. This will enable the Department to streamline the day to day activities and will improve the revenue collection. From April to December 1995 the Department has collected revenue of Rs.192.19 lakhs under road Transport Wing and Rs.39.38 lakhs under Motor Vehicle Wing.
Development of infrastructure and generation of electricity continues to receive high priority. The Department has taken urgent steps towards strengthening of the transmission network and augmentation of availability of power to the consumers within the State so that the gap between the demand and supply can be minimized at the earliest. During 1995-96, as a short term measure, increase of diesel generation at Aizawl by 5 MW has been taken up and is expected to be completed soon. Maicham Mini Hydel Project (2MW) has since been commissioned in January 1996 raising the total number of Mini/MicroHydel Projects in the State to ten having aggregate capacity of 5.37 MW. Works for installation of three Mini/Micro Hydel projects of 3MW capacity each at Tuipanglui, Kau-Tlabung and Teirei are being taken up with urgency. Efforts are also continuing for construction of Tuirial Hydel project (60 MW) with financial assistance / loan from outside agencies and the approach road to the Project site is under construction.
Construction of two 132 MW lines, namely Zemabawk – West Phaileng and Zemabawk – Khawzawl have already been completed and similar four other lines connecting Thenhlulm, East Lungdar, Lungsen and Lawngtlai are likely to be completed by March 1996.
The Public Health Engineering Department continues in its efforts to alleviate the difficulties faced by the common people in drinking water. For successful implementation of the allotted task, the State Government earmarked Rs.1937.43 lakhs and Rs.1204.00 lakhs under Plan and Non-Plan sectors respectively during the current financial year. Upto January 1996 under Rural Water Supply Programme, 95 habitations have been provided with drinking water facility. Under Urban Water Supply Programme, Greater Lunglei Water Supply Scheme, having the highest single stage pumping system in the country, has been commissioned on 22nd November 1995. This will cater to the needs of people of Lunglei and nearby areas. Besides, Greater Serchhip Water Supply Scheme, Greater Kolasib Water Supply Scheme and Greater Saiha Water Supply Scheme are in various stages of execution.
To achieve self-sufficiency in foodgrains production, the State Government has been taking vigorous steps in Agriculture and allied sectors. During the year considerable progress has been made not only in agriculture but also in Rural Development, Pisciculture, Horticulture, Soil & Water Conservation and Animal Husbandry Departments.
To improve the agricultural practice by way of gradual mechanization, the Department has distributed 16 small tractors and 15 Power Tillers to cultivators at subsidized rates. Reclamation of 1262 hectares of fresh potential flat land and construction of 143 kilometres of Agricultural Link Road are under various stages of execution. Among other activities of the department, completion of 15 Minor Irrigation Projects covering 337 hectares of land introduction of double cropping and short duration variety of rice in selected areas, New Contour Farming System with Contour Trenches and Hedging, introduction of improved variety of sugar cane deserve mention. The Department has also organized demonstration of use of Bio-Fertilizers in villages.
Besides the on-going Centrally Sponsored Schemes for development of rural areas, the State Government has continued to lay emphasis on New Land Use Policy aiming at total eradication of the unproductive and wasteful method of shifting cultivation by providing alternative permanent schemes on the pattern of Aibawk Jhum Control Project. So far a total of 11 Rural Development Blocks have been covered under New Land Use Policy covering more than 47,000 families upto 1995-96. To strengthen the infrastructure and to ensure sustained development of rural areas in the State, the Department has taken up maintenance and construction of office buildings and staff quarters in various Rural Development Blocks. 25 Community Halls have already been constructed during the year and 14 more are under construction. Under Rural Housing Scheme, during the year, the department has spent Rs.197.16 lakhs to provide shelter by distributing GCI sheets to rural families. So far the department has purchased 10,688 bundles of GCI sheets for rehabilitation of 1011 families affected by unprecedented natural calamities that cause enormous devastation in the State mostly in southern region.
During 1995-96, under Horticulture Expansion Scheme, 300 Hectares of land has been covered for cultivation of fruits, vegetables and spices-crops. Two lakhs seedlings, 5 Metric Tonnes of vegetable seeds, 30 Metric Tonnes of Ginger rhizomes, 3000 bottle spawns of mushrooms were distributed to the farmers at subsidized rates. Besides, 100 farmers were given training in mushroom cultivation and Farmers’ Meets in 20 different villages were conducted. The Department has also distributed 200 Metric Tonnes of Chemical Fertilizers, 1 Metric Tonne of Plant Protection Chemicals and 150 Sprayers at 50% subsidy. Construction of Horticulture Directorate Building at a cost of Rs.88.22 lakhs has been completed and occupied by the Department in the recent past.
13. Soil & Water Conservation Department has endeavoured to curb jhum cultivation by land development, protection and conservation of water. Assistance to 700 families for development of 700 hectares of Hill Terraces and to 204 families for cash crop plantation in 408 hectares has been provided during the year. 350 Rain Water Harvesting Structures were constructed for providing irrigation sources during dry season.
14. During the year, 19 lakhs fish seeds have been procured and distributed to private Pisciculturists in the State at 50% subsidy. The Fisheries Department continues to maintain 4 fish-seed farms which produced 3.20 lakhs fish seeds during the year. Under Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA), 5 units of FFDA have been established at Aizawl East, Aizawl West, Kolasib, Lunglei and Chhimtuipui District. 320 deserving farmers were given financial assistance for development of Pisciculture during the year. Under the FFDA Scheme, a Hostel has been constructed at Farmers Training Centre at the site of Tamdil Fish Seed Farm. Construction of one Ice Plant at Bilkhawthlir, Cold Storage and Ice Plants at Aizawl and Kolasib are also in various stages of progress.
15. The State Government has been constantly striving to bring about rapid Industrial Development of the State. Out of the Annual Plan Outlay of Rs.782 lakhs, an amount of Rs.334 lakhs has been earmarked for share capital contribution and for grants-in-aid to four Public Sector Undertakings namely, ZOHANDCO, ZIDCO, ZENICS and MAMCO and the Mizoram Khadi & Village Industries Board. Central Transport subsidy and various State subsidies are being provided to small Industries in the Private Sector. Apart from these, incentive subsidies are also being provided to deserving units.
16. Cultivation of tea as a family oriented scheme continues to receive priority. About 6 lakhs seedlings of tea, raised in the department nurseries, have been planted by 325 tea cultivators in Biate. The Department has started a clone nursery at Pawlrang and another seed nursery at Biate to raise 10 lakh seedlings. Grants-in-aid in cash and in the form of inputs worth Rs.50 lakhs are being extended to tea cultivators at Biate. The State Government has accorded due importance to entreprenuerial development programme, popularization of electronics, and encouragement of craftsmanship in Tailoring, Carpentry, Blacksmithy including Handloom and Handicrafts. As many as 1295 artisans engaged in these trades are being given grants-in-aid. Besides these activities, special projects to develop and promote Handloom industry among tribals are being implemented through Mizoram Handloom & Handicrafts Development Corporation. It is for the first time that the Central Government has released fund as margin money for assisting weavers in the Cooperative Sector. Various training programmes concerning Village and Small Industries and Computer Science are organized by the Department. Construction of necessary infrastructure for opening of Industrial Sub-Divisions at Champhai and Kolasib is nearing completion.
17. The State Government recognizes that development of Sericulture in the State will go a long way in promoting the socio-economic life of a large section of the people. By the end of the current financial year about 1000 families are expected to adopt Sericulture as their principal occupation. To encourage adoption and sustenance of this occupation, 200 families have been provided with grants-in-aid during 1995-96. A project Office under North Eastern Action Plan of Central Silk Board, has been opened on 1.6.95 at Aizawl and 2 Technical Service Centres under ther same Plan have been opened at Aizawl and Lunglei during the year. In the field of production in the Sericulture Sector mention must be made of the following output:-
1,50,000 diseases-free silkworm seeds,
Over 10,000 quintals of mulberry Cocoons,
4,500 quintals of Eri Cocoons,
2,17,000 Tasar Cocoons, and
35,000 Muga Cocoons.
Apart from these 30 lakhs mulberry cuttings have been supplied to Farmers and 324 farmers were given training in silkworm rearing.
18. In order to improve the socio-economic condition of the people, the Cooperation Department has taken steps to strengthen the Cooperative movement in the State. Sixty three new Cooperative Societies have been formed and registered during the year. A new scheme called Integrated Cooperative Development Project has been introduced in the State. This project has started functioning at Aizawl and Chhimtuipui Districts with an approved outlay of Rs.355.31 lakhs and Rs.177.17 lakhs respectively. Survey works for Lunglei District Project are nearing completion under which various types of assistance would be provided to make the Cooperative movement a meaningful venture in the State. In the field of Infrastructural development, 35 rural godowns and 6 Handloom worksheds have been constructed and one Fish Pond under National Cooperative Development Council (NCDC) sponsored scheme has been develop during the year. Fruits and vegetable crop cooperative societies are also assisted under this scheme.
19. Mizoram has now the distinction of achieving 88.06 percent literacy, being next to the State of Kerala, the highest in the country. During the year, 13 High Schools have been upgraded to Higher Secondary level and 4 posts of Principal, 142 posts of Post Graduate Teachers and 18 posts of supporting staff have been created. Under the scheme "Education for All" 764 poor students have been supplied with free text books worth Rs.3 lakhs. 40 posts of Primary School Teachers have been created and filled up. Two more High Schools are covered under NEC Scheme for Computer Education during the year in addition to the existing 10 such schools.
20. In the sphere of Higher & Technical Education, significant progress has been achieved. The Government of India has responded to the long standing demand of the State in the development of higher education by releasing Rs.4 crores to the State Government for preliminary works connected with the establishment of University in Mizoram. Science Courses upto Pre-University level have been introduced at Champhai and Serchhip Government Colleges.
21. The Department has a plan to take up construction of various college buildings at Aizawl, Lunglei and Serchhip as well as Directorate Building at Aizawl during the current year and next financial year. Construction of Boys’ and Girls’ Hostel of Mizoram Polytechnicd at Lunglei at an estimated cost of Rs.90 lakhs is going on satisfactorily. Establishment of Women’s Polytechnic at Aizawl is expected to be taken up during 1996-97.
22. Development of Sports & Youth Services has been accorded priority by the State Government and I am happy to note the overwhelming success being achieved by the youth of Mizoram in various fields. The Mizoram Mountaineering Team of 11 youth has successfully scaled Mt.Abigami (24,130 ft. high), a major peak in Garhwal in the Himalayas, in September’95 and thereby qualifying themselves to attempt scaling of Mt.Everes, the highest peak in the world. In other fields of sports activities the youth of Mizoram brought laurels to the State by winning medals in boxing meets in Colombo, Calcutta and Allahabad. Mizoram Senior Football team won the King’s Cup Tournament in 1995 held at Thimpu in Bhutan. The success of Mizo girls in winning Bronze medal at the Women’s National Volleyball Championship in Bangalore in October 1995 is also worth mentioning.
23. The Art & Culture Department has been continuously striving for preserving and promotion of the rich cultural heritage of the people of the State. During the year, the Department has organized various competitions in traditional games, music and dances. The Department has successfully exposed the rich performing arts of Mizoram to different parts of the country by sending its artistes to participate in various cultural programmes in West Bengal, Delhi, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Assam and Andhra Pradesh. It is a matter of pride for Mizoram that Cheraw Dance was chosen as one of the opening items in South Asian Federation Games held in Madras during December, 1995. The Department published five valuable books including the one tracing the origin of the Mizos, during the year.
24.To achieve the target of "Health For All By 2000 AD" the State government has geared up the Health & Family Welfare administration. Under Hospital Programme, construction of a 200-bedded Civil Hospital at Lunglei, increase of bed capacity to 50 at Serchhip Hospital, a 40-bedded Maternity Hospital at Kulikawn and 10-bedded Maternity Hospital at Chawlhhmun are in progress. Similarly, under Minimum Needs Programme(MNP), construction of 30-bedded Community Health Centre, one each at Vairengte and Saitual, 10-bedded Primary Health Centres at Buarpui, Bunghmun(S), Rabung, Kawlkulh, Kanghmun and Suangpuilawn is processing. The Central Medical Stores and District Chief Medical and Health Officer’s Office buildings at Zemabawk have already been constructed. The Administrative building and Public Health Laboratory building at Civil Hospital Aizawl are in the final stage of completion. The building for installation of the Cobalt Therapy Unit at Zemabawk is under construction. The machineries for the Cobalt Therapy Unit have already reached Calcutta from Canada and the same would be installed as soon as the building is completed. This would be of enormous help to the patients in general and the poor in particular.
25. Under the aegis of the North Eastern Council, the Regional Para Medical Nursing and Training Institute at Aizawl is being started for Diploma Courses in General Nursing and Midwifery and Laboratory Technicians. This is the first of its kind in the North Eastern Region and will cater to the needs of all the North Eastern States. A new School of Nursing with capacity of 20 students in a batch has started functioning at Lunglei.A 30-bedded Community Health Centre is also being established at Sakawrdai. Concerned with the spread of AIDS, the Health & Family Welfare Department is making vigorous efforts in the matter of prevention and control of this dreaded diseases. Towards this end, HIV Testing facilities are provided at Serchhip, Champhai and Kolasib in addition to the existing ones at Aizawl, Lunglei and Saiha. For combating the menace of drug abuse and illicit sale of drugs in Mizoram including drug trafficking, the State Government has taken measures to strengthen the administration of the department.
26. Due to untiring efforts of the Excise Department as many as 449 drug traffickers were nabbed during the current financial year and various types of intoxicating drugs were seized. Besides, the Department has also seized huge quantity of illicit liquor and arrested 3434 illegal brewers and sellers of liquor. During the year an amount of Rs.70,56,675 has so far been collected as excise duties on IMFL meant for security forces and fines realized from Excise offenders. To intensify the activities of the department, the State government has decided to deploy Excise forces permanently at Serchhip, Champhai and Kolasib during next financial year. Further, with a view to improving public health and ensuring a clean and better society, the Mizoram Liquor Total Prohibition Bill has been passed in the last session of the Assembly and Rules there under have been framed and enforcement machineries are being geared up for strict enforcement.
27. During the current financial year upto January 1996, the Taxation Department has collected Rs.274.79 lakhs as taxes against the annual target of Rs.272 lakhs.
28. During the year 1995-96 the Environment and Forest Department taken up plantation of 9656 hectares of land and maintenance of 46,000 hectares of old plantation. It has been laying emphasis on conservation of wild life as also development and maintenance of National Park and Wild Life Sanctuaries. Revenue collection from April 1995 to November 1995 was Rs.1.18 crores as against the target of Rs.1.40 crores during the year.
29. The State Government attached importance to the development of livestock, poultry and animal husbandry. The foundation stone of the Animal Husbandry and Veterinary College under Central University has been laid in the recent past and land for establishment of the College has been handed over to the Central University. The College will cater to the requirement of the entire region. An Integrated Dairy Development Project involving a total investment of Rs.368 lakhs is under implementation and the civil works are expected to be completed within the current financial year. Under this Project 600 crossbred cows are inducted during the year. Under Centrally Sponsored Scheme, a Goat Production Farm at North Vanlaiphai and a Rabbit Farm at Kolasib have also been established during this year. Plan for providing assistance to 700 families under Pig Farming and 300 families under Dairy Farming is in the advanced stage of implementation and the Chilling Plants at Zemabawk and Lunglei under Centrally Sponsored Scheme are likely to be completed during 1996-97. Introduction of 1200 cross-bred cows in Lunglei during 1996-97 will cater to the need to increasing demand for milk at Lunglei.
30. Ensuring of accelerated development in urban areas is an important function of the Department of Local Administration. During the year improvement and construction of various types of works in different areas are going ahead. Construction of RCC Footpath from Bawngkawn to Zemabawk and along Vaivakawn to Zotlang road, Market Building at Khatla, Recreation Centre at Lawibual, Aizawl which includes Beginners’ Swimming Pool, Side Pool for Boating, Under Water Cabin, Rest House and Merry-go-round are some of the activities of the Department. One High Mast Light will be installed at New Market, Aizawl at a cost of Rs.7.80 lakhs. To mark the occasion of the 125th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, one statue each of Gandhiji made of fibre glass was installed at Lunglei and Saiha Rs.93 lakhs is provided for Middle Income Group (MIG) Housing Loan and 316 persons are benefited during this year. In addition to this, an amount of Rs.5 crores has been arranged from Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) under Composite Cash Loan Housing Scheme for Government Employees in Mizoram and the State Government will subsidise the difference between the interest charged by HUDCO and the interest payable for normal House Building Advance.
31.During the year, Land Revenue & Settlement Department continued the Cadastral Survey of 10 Towns covering a total area of 2668 hectares. Out of these, survey of 4 towns namely Kawrthah, Kawnpui, Ngopa and Lungdar East with a total area of 1067 hectares has been completed. The first phase of construction of the departmental building for accommodating the Directorate Office at Aizawl at a cost of Rs.98.72 lakhs has already been completed and the building has been occupied in June 1995.
32.As this august House is aware, 1995 for Mizoram has been a year of natural calamites and Motor Vehicle accidents. The State witnessed unprecedented heavy rains, storms and landslides which claimed more than 40 lives, most of whom met their sad end in the southern part of the State. My heartfelt sympathy goes to the bereaved families. Vital road communication had been severely disrupted in various places and loss of public and private properties has been estimated to be more than Rs.50 crores. The State Government and a number of voluntary organizations have spared no effort to carry out relief and rescue operations and to rehabilitate the affected persons and families on a war footing. The extent of the damage can be gauged from the fact that as many as 1430 houses were completely damaged and 3556 houses were partially damaged. The State Government has spent Rs.185 lakhs from Relief & Rehabilitation Department and the Central Government has sanctioned Rs.471 lakhs for restoration other relief works. In addition, ex-gratia grant of Rs.50,000/- has also been sanctioned from Prime Minister’s Relief Fund to the next of kin of each deceased. My sympathy also goes to the families of those who lost their lives in motor accidents. Government is taking various measures to prevent recurrence of such accidents.
33. The Department of Social Welfare took active interest in extending various types of help in cash and kind to the needy and deserving persons in the State during the year. Under Economic Rehabilitation Programme, 673 persons have been given financial assistance. Stipends are given to 1297 handicapped students and various assistance like hearing aids, wheel chairs, artificial limbs etc. have been given to 536 persons. Under Supplementary Nutrition Programme, pregnant and lactating mothers, mal-nourished children have been given processed food rich in proteins and othe nutrients through 1341 Anganwadi Centres throughout the State.
34. During the year, the Tourism Department has opened up southern part of Mizoram to the tourists by inaugurating Tourist Lodge at Lunglei and Alpine Picnic Hut at District Park near Zobawk. The Department has also opened Wayside Facilities at Kutkawk near Hnahthial. Another Tourist Lodge has also been opened at Bairabi, the only rail head for Mizoram. Construction of 5 Tourist Cottages at Berawtlang near Aizawl was also completed during the year. Apart from the above, with liberal financial assistance received from the Government of India, the Department has taken up extension works of Tourist Lodge at Chaltlang, construction of Wayside Facilities at Thenzawl in Aizawl District and Darzo in Lunglei District during the current financial year.
35. The Information & Public Relations Department has done well in projecting Mizoram to outside. It has organized Bharat Darshan Tours for 40 persons to visit New Delhi, Agra and Calcutta and has also sent 15 Accredited Journalists to visit North Eastern States. Among its other activities, the department has been producing News Capsules highlighting important events and developmental activities entitled "MIZORAM TODAY" for telecasting through local Cable TV Network. The Department has also been organizing Aizawl Darshan tours for elderly people living in outlying areas.
During the course of my address an attempt has been made to briefly outline some of the achievements and future plans and programmes of my Government. I am sure that the deliberations of this House will be beneficial to help and guide the Government in safeguarding the best interest of the State and ensure a better quality of life for the people with special attention to the poor and the underprivileged.
KA LAWM E