Speech of H. S. Dubey, Lieutenant Governor (Administrator) of Mizoram before the Third Mizoram Legislature Assembly on 14th March, 1984
Mr. Speaker and Hon’ble Members of the House,
I have great pleasure in welcoming you all to the 14th Session of the 3rd Mizoram Legislative Assembly.
2. Although hostile activities during 1983 were curbed to a great extent and a climate of near normalcy prevailed. I cannot but mention the incident of 12th December, 1983 at Saithah in western Mizoram when 3 BRTF personnel were brutally gunned down by the MNF. I express my deep sorrow at the untimely death of these loyal Govt. servants and my sympathies are with the bereaved families. The Border Roads Organisation as you know has done a marvellous job in building roads and it is very unfortunate that people who are here to work for the welfare of the Mizos are targets of the MNF.
3. I wish to reiterate that my Government attaches, and will continue to attach the highest priority to the maintenance of peace and order since this is an essential pre-condition for the development of Mizoram. I am happy to mention that curfew has not been in force for a long time and the travelling public are moving about freely these days. Since resumption of operations on 20th of January, 1982 Security Forces and Police apprehended 326 MNF personnel and 482 came overground and 383 weapons were seized. The doors are always open for the MNF to return to the mainstream as my Government is keen to rehabilitate them. During the current year, 200 returnees received rehabilitation grants at Rs. 1,000/- each and 102 returnees were given Dairy Farming loans at Rs. 10,000/- each. 64 were given Rs. 9,720/- each as agricultural grants and 2 got industrial loans at Rs. 13,900/-
4. The Planning Commission has allotted Rs. 40.00 crores for the 1984 – 85 Annual Plan compared to Rs. 34.80 crores sanctioned for the 1983 – 84 Annual Plan. This means that the 6th Plan allocation has been raised to Rs. 150 crores as against the original outlay of Rs. 130 crores. Significant strides have been made during the last few years aimed at improving the socio-economic conditions of the people and I would like mention some of the major achievements for the information of the Hon’ble Members.
5. High priority has been given to providing potable drinking water both in the urban and rural areas. It is noteworthy that compared to only 8(eight) villages with piped water supply at the end of the 5th Plan a total of 76 villages were benefited during the first 4 years of the 6th Plan and another 38 villages will be benefited by the end of 1984 – 85. A major scheme is the second phase of the Aizawl Water Supply Project, which involves laying a 14 inch pipe line at a revised cost of Rs. 4.44 crores. It is hoped that when the scheme is completed in 1985, sufficient water will be available for the suffering but patient people of Aizawl. Power & Electricity Department was only a part of the P.W.D. at the end of Fifth Plan with 2 Divisions and one Electrical Circle. The Organisation has been re-structured as a full-fledged department and strengthened with a Chief Engineer, Hydel Circle and additional 3 Divisions during Sixth Plan. 2 more divisions are under creation in the same plan period. Another important milestone worthy of mention is that compared to only 10 (ten) electrified villages at the end of the 5th Plan a total of 150 villages will be electrified at the end of the 6th Plan including 22 villages earmarked during 1984 – 85. Another major stride is the likely increase in the installed generating capacity from 6.37 MW to 13 MW at the end of the current year and another 1 MW by the end of 1984 – 85 compared to only 1.58 MW generated at the end of the 5th Plan. Construction of the 132 KV line from Aizawl to Lunglei which is in progress is likely to be completed in 1985 – 86 when more power will be available for the southern region. Completion of the Serlui ‘A’ Micro Hydel Project very soon does represent a significant breakthrough in hydel generation. Drawal of additional 4 MW grid power over the existing 3 MW will be ensured shortly when the 33 KV transmission line from Dullabcherra to Aizawl is elevated to 66 KV. 14 Micro Hydel Projects have been identified for investigation and 3 are in progress including Serlui ‘B’ and Tuirial. 8 new Projects are planned for investigation during 1984 – 85.
6. A major share of the plan expenditure understandably goes for road communications. The department has expanded appreciably with 4 Circles and 14 Divisions at present compared to only 2 Circles and 9 Divisions at the end of the 5th Plan. Another Circle at Champhai is being established during 1984 – 85. At the end of the current year, the department should be able to complete 136 Kms of surfaced road and 500 Kms of unsurfaced roads, whereas only 45 Kms of surfaced roads and 251 Kms of unsurfaced roads existed at the end of the 5th Plan.The Vayudoot service could be introduced because of the restoration of Tuirial air-field in record time. Significant achievements in the building construction programme includes completion of Vanapa Hall, basement floor of the 300 bedded Aizawl Civil Hospital and 50 bedded hospital at Saiha. The Sainik Rest House at Aizawl, Tourist Lodges at Kolasib and Aizawl and the new Directorate building for the Agriculture Department at Aizawl are in advanced stage of completion. Mizoram House at Delhi was completed in December, 1983 and Mizoram House, Calcutta is likely to be completed by December, 1984. Improvement of Circuit House at Silchar is in progress and residential quarters type-III and IV will be completed by March, 1984.
7. Agriculture schemes, considering that more than 83% of the total population depend on farming for their livelihood, have always been accorded high priority. During 1983, 36,700 MT of paddy was produced compared to 29,200 MT in the terminal year of the 5th Plan. Rs. 19.60 lakhs of horticulture seedlings were supplied during 1983 as against 12 lakhs of seedlings distributed at the end of the 5th Plan. Though production of rice has increased, we are not yet at the stage of self-sufficiency, as the jhum crop continously suffers from untimely rains and the menace of rodents and wild animals. Every year substantial quantities of rice are imported through FCI to supplement the food requirements and I am happy to say that in spite of the prevailing scarcity even the remotest villages get their minimum requirements.
8. 26 minor irrigation projects at an estimated cost of Rs. 25 lakhs were drawn up and facilities extended to 400 hectares of cultivable land. 538 hectares of land were reclaimed and 65.37 Kms of agricultural link roads constructed. The pattern of extending irrigation benefits have been modified. Instead of small irrigation channels attached to individuals which did not last long, bigger irrigation projects have been taken up with cement concrete work and brick lining for cumulative benefits to a group of farmers. The revised irrigation schemes will create permanent assets.
9. A target of 49,000 MT of rice has been fixed for 1984 – 85 by putting reclaimed areas including terraces under double cropping. More areas for cultivating wheat and maize are envisaged. Cultivation of pulses and oil seeds in 600 hectares are expected to yield 300 MT and 180 MT respectively. Better quality of seedlings and grafts will be available from the Four Progeny Orchards. Mechanised farming is gaining momentum and 40 tractors and 50 power tillers will be available to deserving farmers through bank financing supported by seed money. Prospects of triple cropping during the dry season where irrigation facilities are available are being examined.
10. During 1983 – 84 the Soil Conservation Wing created 143 hectares of Coffee plantations, 40 hectares of rubber plantation and 28 hectares of large cardamom plantation for supply of seedlings and demonstration purposes. The settlement scheme of Jhumia families has been one of the main thrusts of the Department. For this purpose terraces and cultivation and cash-crops in micro-water-shed areas are being taken up. During 1984 – 85, 862 families will be provided with terrace land for cultivation and 461 families for cash-crop plantations.
11. During the current year, fish production is likely to reach the target of 1700 MT. During 1984 – 85, the target has been fixed at 2000 MT. The total water area under Pisciculture covered by fish ponds and paddy land by the end of this year is estimated to be around 2800 acres which is proposed to be raised to 3200 acres during 1984 – 85. It is noteworthy that paddy-cum-pisciculture practice is gaining popularity in areas like Champhai, Ruantlang and Zote. 308 cultivators have taken to Pisciculture in 328 acres of paddy lands.
12. Animal Husdandry and Veterinary Department has been pursuing schemes for achieving self-sufficiency in Milk, Meat and Eggs. The "Operation Flood II" programme is expected to materialise during the year 1984 – 85 and formalities in this regard have already been completed. 130 Cows of high yielding variety were distributed throughout Mizoram and 40 families have been identified for ‘Hill Cattle Farming Colony’ including 15 families specifically selected for mythun rearing. Under the subsidy schemes 1000 piglets have been distributed. A new Duck farm has been established at Thenzawl and a new farm is coming up at Mampui. In addition to the existing 27 State Veterinary dispensaries and 60 Rural Animal Health Centres, the Department will establish 3 more new dispensaries and 5 new Rural Health Centre during 1984 – 85. A poultry farm at Saiha will also be established.
The bio-gas Scheme which was introduced in 1982 – 83 has gained rapid popularity in Mizoram. Installation of 30 such units were completed during 1982 and during the current year 40 such units were installed against the target of 60. The remaining 20 will also be completed by the end of this year.
13. During the last 4 years 43,876 hectares of land were brought under Forest plantations compared to only 5598 hectares at the end of the 5th Plan. During 1983 – 84 alone, Forest plantations were raised in 14,200 hectares of land, and more than 40,000 nursery beds in 75 nurseries were created. About 300 Kms of reserved forest have been demarcated and 4 sample plots established for Teak and Gomari by the Research Wing to study growth rates under Silviculture. Along the boundary lines of Reserved Forest and Sanctuary, plantation of 500 trees of various kinds have been taken up. The Forest Department is now under a Chief Conservator of Forest.
14. The Centrally Sponsored Poverty Alleviation Programmes have been taken up by the Community Development Department in Mizoram to assist families identified as poor. District Rural Development Agencies have been created in all the three Districts since 1982. The DRDAs in turn function through the 20 C.D. Blocks in Mizoram.
15. To achieve the objectives of the programme, the poorest of the poor have been selected for assistance through Village Development Committees which have been formed in every village. With the amount of Rs. 160 lakhs sanctioned by Government of India during 1983 – 84, as many as 3140 families have been given assistance upto the end of December, 1983. The National Rural Employment Programme aims at providing employment to the poor people for creation of durable community assets. Against the projected target of 4.96 lakhs mandays, 2.42 lakhs persons have been given employment up to the end of December, 1983.
16. TRYSEM is an acronym for training of rural youth for self-employment. Its implementation started in Mizoram only in June 1983 and so far 346 rural youths from Aizawl District and 30 from Lunglei have been given 6 months training in 16 different trades. Each trainee is given a stipend of Rs. 200/- p.m. and a tool kit worth Rs. 500/-
17. As a measure for providing assistance to the Small and Marginal Farmers for increasing agricultural production, Rs. 100.00 lakhs has been sanctioned by Govt. of India. A suitable scheme for identifying families has been drawn up and is being implemented.
18. A new housing scheme has been drawn up by the department of Local Administration to provide small loans to economically weaker sections and during this year 20 such families will benefit. Grants-in-aids in the form of G.C.I. sheet for roofing of Community Halls and other public buildings have been given. 191 Village Councils since defunct for a number of years as a result of grouping of villages have been restored. Loans for construction of water tank to 234 house holders were disbursed.
19. Main emphasis for industrial development is on medium and small scale industrial units. In the medium sector the Ginger Oil and Oleoresin Plant, Fruit preservation and Fruit Processing Unit, and Ginger Dehydration Plant are half way through. A sum of Rs. 50.25 lakhs has already been spent on these schemes. The Mizoram Small Scale Industries Corporation is playing a vital role as a Financial Institution in promoting small Industrial Units in the Private Sector. The Board sanctioned Rs. 51.85 lakhs to 47 enterprising individuals for setting up various Small Scale Industries. Public response to sericultural schemes is beyond expectation. Cocoon production has gone up from 2,400 Kgs to 48,00 Kgs and seed production from 65,000 Kgs to 4,56,000 Kgs. Today there are 3,500 private rearers. Altogether 600 Small Scale Industrial Units have been registered.
20. The targets of enrolment viz. 2,000 students between the age group of 9 to 14 and 11,400 under adult literacy as part of the 20 Point Programme have been fully achieved. In adult education the target has been exceeded by more than 1700. 533 Primary School Teachers are being taken in by Government during 1983 – 84. 17 Primary Schools and 9 Middle Schools were opened during 1983 in addition to the existing 803 Primary Schools and 360 Middle Schools respectively. Bunghmun and Mimbung High Schools being located in the backward areas have been upgraded to deficit status. Lunglei Girls High School is also being taken over by the Government. 5 new schools have been opened in addition to 141 High Schools, 300 Adult Education Centres with the total enrolment of 10,397 of illiterate adults of both sexes are functioning satisfactorily.
21. Notable achievements have also been made in the field of sports, physical education and youth adventure schemes. Mizoram High School team reached the semi-final in the first Sub-Junior Hockey tournament. Most notably, Aizawl High School team won the Runners-up Trophy in the Subroto Mukhejee Cup Football tournament held at New Delhi. Mizoram school team were the Badmintor champions in the Mini-National School Games Meet held at Nagpur. 4 teachers attended youth adventure course held at Himalyan Mountaineering Institute at Uttarkashi and 6 boys and 6 girls participated in the youth exchange Programme organised by the ‘Explorer and Adventures Youth Club’ at Bombay.
22. Post-Matric Scholarships are being awarded to 6305 Scheduled Tribe students. 1153 High School students and 1820 Middle school students were also awarded special scholarships during the year and 130 merit scholarships are awarded as a permanent feature. During 1984 – 85 the Annual Education Plan outlay has been fixed at Rs. 290.35 lakhs, for completing the on-going schemes as well as some new schemes in respect of education in Mizoram.
23. Under Social Welfare the Aizawl District was bifurcated into 2 districts of Aizawl East and Aizawl West during 1983 – 84. One post of District Social Welfare Officer with supporting staff has been filled up to cater to the requirements of the new district. For the welfare of children, a new ICDS project – namely Sangau – Tuipang Community Development Block was opened in addition to two such projects initiated earlier. All the 3 projects are functioning well. 50 handicapped persons were given training during the year. Welfare of women received priority and Rs. 3.10 lakhs have been spent in various welfare schemes. More than 300 voluntary organisations received grants-in-aid during the year to the tune of Rs. 1 lakh. The Department also looks after aged persons by giving grants in deserving cases. During 1984 – 85 Rs. 30 lakhs have been allotted for the on-going schemes in addition to a few new schemes for the benefit of the weaker sections of the people.
24. With a view to providing primary health care for all the people, main stress is on building up the infrastructural health facilities in the rural areas, and on strengthening the technical man-power requirements. Expansion of Aizawl Hospital was given priority with 40 beds added to the new building. An Ayurvedic Dispensary as a new adjunct of the Hospital wing is functioning. Specialists have also taken charge of orthopaedic and physiotherapy units. At Tlabung a 30 bedded hospital and 20 bedded temporary hospital ward for leprosy patients has been opened. Primary Health Centres are now functioning at Mamit, Khawzawl and Lungsen. 10 new Sub-centres were opened during 1983 raising the total number of sub-centres to 290. I am happy to mention that 2 of our doctors have resumed duties after obtaining Post Graduate degrees in MD/MS. Priority will be given during 1984 – 85 for completing some of the important institutional buildings and upgrading Primary Health Centres, The main Civil Hospital building at Aizawl is also likely to be completed. The total allocation under Health is Rs.200.00 lakhs for 1984 –85.
25. The main objective of the Co-operation Department is the restoration of rural economy and supply of essential commodities to the consumers at reasonable prices throughout the territory. There are 662 Co-operative Societies to cater to the needs of the rural and urban people. The Mizoram State Co-operative and Consumers Federation Ltd. has been playing a vital role in the upliftment of rural economy. The Co-operative Apex Bank has given Rs. 13.36 lakhs as loan to firms and individuals and the major bulk of Rs. 6.70 lakhs was given to 8 Co-operative Societies as working capital for procurement of POL, ginger and for marketing of handloom products etc. I am happy to mention that the Bank has made a profit of Rs. 1.40 lakhs during the current year and it is proposed to open one more branch at Lunglei.Supply of food-grains to the interior places is an important task undertaken by the Government. During this year, the Supply Department has transported 51,877 MT of rice, 5,238 MT of Wheat and 3262 MT levy sugar to different places in Mizoram. 400 MT of rice were air-dropped in 24 centres. 65 Fair Price Shops were opened raising the total number to 626 at present.
27. Mizoram State Transport has taken up a number of new routes and also increased the frequency of Bus services on some routes to meet the growing requirements of the travelling passengers. With the acquisition of 4 (four) new Deluxe Buses, daily Deluxe Bus Service has started in Aizawl – Silchar route. Deluxe Bus service has also been introduced in Aizawl – Lunglei route on every alternate day. Due to various precautionary steps taken by the Department, the number of accidents has been reduced. An elaborate programme to train up staff at the peripheral level has been undertaken to bring aout all round improvement in the service. The captive fleet of truck of the Department did an excellent job in reaching foodgrains and other essential commodities to the remote interior. The construction of truck terminal at Chaltlang at an estimated cost of Rs. 6.14 lakhs is in progress.
In order to encourage private operations and also to create more employment opportunities, altogether 35 Bus permits on 35 different routes have been issued. Similarly, steps have been taken to increase the number of Town Buses operating particularly in Aizawl to meet the increasing traffic requirement.
28. Five new Sub-divisions as part of the expansion
programme of the Information & Public Relations department were established at Champhai, Chawngte, Lawngtlai, Kolalsib and Mamit. Cultural exchange programmes and conducted tours were also organised. I am happy to observe that the standard and variety of cultural programmes has improved appreciably mainly because of the facilities available at the Vanapa Hall. During the current year, 44 Community Listening Sets were distributed to remote areas of Chhimtuipui district and the Northeastern parts of Mizoram. For promoting tourism, the Aizawl and Kolasib Tourist Lodges are likely to be completed next year. Construction of a Youth Hostel at Aizawl in the industrial sector with 56 beds has also been taken up. Rs. 37.00 lakhs has been made available by the ITDC for this purpose. During 1984-85 2 new sub-divisions are proposed to be established.
29. Newly created Department of Printing and Stationery
after bifurcating it from I.P.R. & T. has been allotted Rs. 105 lakhs against the adhoc allotment of Rs. 40 lakhs provided during 6 Plan. During 1984-85 alone Rs. 40 lakhs have been allotted under the Plan. Department has installed a number of sophisticated machines towards the expansion programme and with this most of the printing requirement is being met by the Govt. Press. For the first time in the North Eastern Region our Govt. Press brought out Calendar printed in four colours which is very encouraging. During 1984-85 Department proposes to install Polymer Plate making Process and Off-Set printing machine.
The new Press building at Aizawl and Stationery Depot at Lunglei is also coming up and will be ready during 1984-85. A retail outlet depot of forms and Stationery is being opened during 1984-85 at Saiha. During 1984-85 departments also proposes to establish a Hand Made Paper Mill of a capacity of 50-60 M.T. per annum around Serlui ‘A’.
30. The basic objectives of labour and Employment
Department is to look into labour welfare and organising training in some of the basic trades. Emphasis has been laid on the strengthening the Industrial Training Institute, Aizawl to meet the requirement of technical personnel. One Year’s course in cutting and tailoring trade is being introduced during the year with an annual intake of 16 trainees. Aizawl Employment Exchange has been selected for strengthening the employment service by setting up employment exchange exclusively for self-employment of educated unemployed youth. The scheme aims at motivating and guiding entrepreneurship and co-ordination with other agencies like DIC, Lead Banks and other financial institutions.
31. The Revenue Department has allotted more than 1900house passes and more than 500 agricultural passes during the current year. Land Revenue collected is more than Rs. 26 lakhs. Emphasis is being laid on updating land records and cadastral survey. Scarcity of technically trained personnel in land survey is the greatest constraint in smooth implementation of land reforms in Mizoram. In order to mitigate shortage of technical personnel, local educated youths as stipendiary trainees as well as service personnel are presently undergoing training at Survey Training Institute at Hyderabad, Karnataka and Meghalaya training schools. Practical training is also conducted at Aizawl by the Survey of India.
32. Excise and Taxation Wing , which was earlier under the administrative control of Revenue Department, has since been allocated to Finance Department. Instances of tax evation call for attention. During the current year more than Rs. 12 lakhs have been realised as revenue. The enforcement staff had destroyed illicit opium cultivation in more than 31 acres bordering Burma during the current year. More than 57 Kgs. of Ganja and 290 grams of heroine have been recovered. More than Rs. 10 lakhs have been realised in the shape of taxes during the current year.
33. The responsibility of maintaining the GeneralProvident Fund account of the employees of the Government of Mizoram has been taken over from Accountant General from April, 1983 and action has been taken to obtain the format of the transfer of balances upto 31st March, 1983 in respect of each subscriber from the Accountant General. 200 new subscribers have been allotted General Provident Fund Account since April, 1983. Since taking over of maintenance of Pension cases from Accountant General the Accounts and Audit Directorate have received 363 old pension cases in addition to 6 new cases. My Government is keeen to ensure early settlement of pension cases.
34. The three District Councils of Chhimtuipui District
are allotted funds as grants-in-aid for administrative expenses as well as for Plan Scheme of the Councils. In the year 1983-84 an allocation of funds of Rs. 20 lakhs was made for the three District Councils under Plan Scheme. The development of the District Councils areas has received greater attention from last year in that in the same year a Sub-Plan for Chhimtuipui District was formulated so that the development efforts might proceed with vigour. The Planning Commission has approved an out-lay of Rs. 21.00 lakhs for Plan Schemes of the District Councils for 1984-85. Liberal grants-in-aid provisions have also been made for the administrative expenses of the District Councils.
35. I am happy to mention that Mizoram Police service
Rules have been finalised. As per provision of the Rules, six local eligible officers have been promoted to the rank of Additional Superintendent, AIG and Deputy Commandant. My Government has been pressing the Government of India for raising the 3rd Coy of 2nd Police Battalion in Mizoram. Both Mizoram Police and Mizoram Armed Police have been strengthened by adding 365 and 175 personnel respectively to the forces, 6 Police Stations have been sanctioned at Bairabi, Kanghmun, Lungsen, Khawzawl, Sangau and Vervek raising the number of Police Station to 29. My Government is keen to open 11 more Police Stations in the outlying areas. The construction of a Central Jail at Bungtlang is making rapid progress and it is expected to be ready by the middle of 1984. The original estimate for this work had to be recast raising the estimated cost of 1.61 crores from 55.88 lakhs. A scheme for reorganisation of Home Guards raising the strength from 656 to 1,100 is under consideration of the Government. The Home Guard Administration has been strengthened with a full time Commandant General. Due importance has been given to Welfare of the Police personnel. In the Annual Plan 1983-84, Rs. 48 lakhs were provided for construction of 83 Police quarters. A similar provision has been made in the Annual Plan 1984-85. The Sainik Board has done good work for welfare and rehabilitation of ex-servicemen. A new scheme for revitalisation of the Sainik Board is under consideration of the Government. My Government is particularly concerned about the influx of Chakmas. Suitable instructions have been issued to Army as also to the Police forces to intensify vigil along the international border. Action is also at hand to strengthen the administration along the border by opening more police stations. CONSTITUTION of tribunals under the Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act, 1983 is also under consideration of the Government of India.
36. To cope with the increased developmental tempo
certain substantial administrative changes were made. In view of the high priority to water supply as part of the 20 Point Programme, the Public Health Engineering was separated during 1983. Similarly, separate Departments for Printing and Stationery and Social Welfare were created. The former Department of Appointments has been reorganised as the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms.
37. In view of the short time available, I have onlybeen able to touch upon some of the important developments , which have taken place. There is no doubt however that it gives a clear picture of an administration , which is rapidly on the move both in substance and style. Manifold achievements, I am sure, will continue with relentless vigour and determinations, as we have seen during the last few years. The conditions of returning normalcy and peace have enabled my Government to devote greater attention to the task of development and reconstruction.
With these words, I leave you to your deliberations and wish you all success.