Government of Mizoram
Budget Speech: 1987-88
By Pu Zoramthanga
Sir, I rise to present before the Assembly the supplementary
Demands for the year 1986-1987 and Budget Estimates for the year 1987-1988.
this is the first Budget being laid in the Mizoram State Legislative
Assembly. The Financial provisions in the Revised Estimates for 1986-1987
and Budget Estimates for the year 1987-1988 are as follows:-
The Revenue Receipt for the year 1987-1988 is estimated
at Rs. 14890.79 lakhs of the Revised Estimates for 1986-1987. the
estimated expenditure on Revenue Account for 1987-1988 is Rs. 16422.79
lakhs as against Rs. 17910.53 lakhs of the Revised estimates for 1986-1987.
On the Capital side, the receipts during 1987-1988 are estimated at
Rs. 4611.70 lakhs as against Rs. 3750.86 lakhs of Revised Estimates
for the year 1986-1987.
STATE PLAN OUTLAY FOR 1987-1988
As the Hon’ble Members are aware, the outlay for the State Annual
Plan for 1987-1988 is fixed at Rs. 7000.00 lakhs as against Rs. 5950.00
lakhs for 1986-1987. Sectoral –wise distribution of this outlay is
depicted is Annexure –I of the Explanatory Memorandum.
CENTRAL PLAN/CENTRALLY SPONSORRED SCHEME:
The total outlay NEC Schemes during 1987-1988 is
Rs. 534.81 lakhs as against rs. 433.83 lakhs in the Revised Estimates
for 1987-1988 as against Rs. 1886.32 lakhs in the Revised Estimates
for 1986-1987. I may mention is this connection that statement of
approved expenditure in respect of some of the Central Plan/Centrally
Sponsored Schemes for the year 1987-1988 have not yet been received
till now and therefore, only token provisions are indicated for these
schemes. Details of the Centrally Sponsored Schemes and schemes under
NEC of General Provident Fund, supervision of Treasureis e etc. is
the responsibility of the Directorate of Accounts and Treasuries.
During 1986-1987, 242 pension cases have been disposed of and payment
of 97 cases of insurance money finalized. Out of the 24622 General
Provident Fund Accounts maintained, 281 cases of financial payment
have also been settled. The local audit wing of t he Department had
audited accounts of 26 offices during the year.
The main functions of Excise 7 Taxation Department
are collection of varius taxes and duties and prevention and detection
of Excise crimes. For enforcement of the Mizoram Excise Act 1973 ,
2 bonded Warehouse Licence-cum-wholesale licenses were issued along
with 16 retail licences at Aizawl and 5 at Lunglei for selling Indian
Made Foreign Liquor. 3 bars and 2 club-bar licences were issued at
Aizawl while one bar licence was issued for Lunglei. Chhimtuipui District
could not be adequately covered due to shortage of staff. During the
current year, considerable quantities of intoxication an dangerous
drugs, such heroin, ganja and phensydyl were seized by the Excise
personnel. The Excise Department also discovered and destroyed 18
acres of opium plantation and 1 acre of ganja cultivation in the southern
belt bordering Burma. 264 illegal traders in liquor were arrested.
A sum of Rs. 112.19 lakhs was realized towards Excise duty as against
B.E Rs. 86.04 lakhs was realized towards Excise duty as against B.E.
Rs. 86.04 lakhs during the year 1985-1986. It is expected that the
income from Excise would be Rs. 200.00 lakhs at the end of the current
financial year. The Taxation Wing of the Department has collected
Rs, 34.26 lakhs as taxes under various Acts and Regulations upto 31.1.1987.
PRINTING & STATIONERY DEPARTMENT:
A sum of Rs. 172.00 lakhs has been provided during
1986-1987 with which new machines were purchased and commissioned
which considerably improved the efficiency and output of the Government
Press. A sum of Rs. 224.90 lakhs has been provided for 1987-1988.
It is proposed to set up a branch of the Government Press at Lunglei
which will take up printing works of Lunglei and Chhimtuipui Districts.
A plot of land has already been acquired at Lunglei for construction
of the building.
The target of rehabilitation of 120 destitute women
under Women and Child Welfare Scheme has been achieved. As many as
80 Pre-school Centres are continued to be maintained in places where
Integrated Child Development Scheme Projects have not been implemented.
In the Trainng-cum-Production Centres for physically handicapped persons,
the intake capacity of 25 persons each fro male and female has been
increased to 45 each. 373 handicapped students reading in Class I-VIII
have been awarded stipends during the year. 1563 persons have been
benefited by the Scheme of Assistance to the aged 234 voluntary organizations
have been grants-in-aid. One new Integrated Child development Project
has been started at Darlawn during the year.
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT:
The Department comes to be headed by its own Chief
Engineering during the year. The Department, at present has one Circle
and 6 working Divisions. The Planning Commission has already y approved
for creation of another Circle, 2 working Divisions, one Mechanical
Division and a Testing Laboratory. There is a provision of Rs. 715.00
lakhs during the year 1986-1987 and it is expected that the target
of 67 villages for Rural Water Supply Scheme would be achieved. About
240 villages, Constituting 32% of problem villages in Mizoram have
already been covered under Rural Water Supply Schemes. A sum of Rs.
350.00 lakhs has been provided during the year for implementation
of Greated Aizawl Water Supply Schemed Phase-I is expected to be commissioned
in June, 1987.
TH AND FAMILY WELFARE DEPARTMENT:
"Health for all by 2000 A.D." is strategy
and objective of the Department. A sum of Rs. 290.00 lakhs was provided
for 1986-1987 which is being utilized for strengthening Health Services,
establishment of new Primary Health Centres and Sub-Centres. 4( four)
Primary Health Centres having 10 beds ae proposed to e set up at Khawlailung,
Haulawng, Phuldungsei and Lunglei and these are expected to be completed
during this year and 12 new sub-centres have also ben established
at various places. Master plan for expension of Civil Hospital at
Aizawl having 300 beds has been implemented and the first and second
phase for accommodating 40 bed have been completed.
The Government of India sanctioned Rs. 191.00 lakhs
during 1986-1987 of rehabilitation of MNF personnel who case over
ground as a result of the Peace Accord. Rs. 13.00 lakhs was sanctioned
as initial Grant for 650 MNF personnel at Rs. 2000.00 each. 40 (forty)
persons were given agricultural grants at the rate of rs. 9,720 .00
each while 554 persons were given Rs. 20,000.00 each for starting
grocery shops for their rehabilitation. A provision of Rs. 20.00 lakhs
has also been made for housing assistance at the rate of Rs. 5000.00
The Plan outlay for 1986-1987 for the Department
is Rs. 7.00 lakhs during the current year which has been utilized
for strengthening the Department by creation of posts. A sum of Rs.
9.00 lakhs has been allotted during 1987-1988 for further strengthening
of the Department. It is proposed to create one post of Adviser and
one post of Deputy Adviser with supporting staff to strengthening
the State Planning Board.
RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT:
This Departmental exe cutes 2 types of scheme-Community
Development Schemes under State Sector and IRDP, NREP, RLEGP, etc.
under Central Sector. The provision during 1986-1987 in the State
Section was Rs. 80.00 lakhs and the following works have been taken:
construction of 60 Community Halls, 60 playgrounds, 85 water points,
290 kms. Inter-village paths and it also provides Rs. 4.00 lakhs worth
material assistance to social organizations. The outlay for 1987-1988
is Rs. 88.00 lakhs and the Department proposes to construct 82 community
halls, 60 playgrounds, 80 RCC water tanks, 10 km. Jeep road, 40 urinal
sheds and construction of Directorate building. Under the Central
Sector 7000 families living below the poverty line are given assistance.
Under NREP Schemes, various works such as construction of School buildings,
playgrounds, community halls, suspension bridges, drinking water points,
rural roads and steps were taken up. 385 Kms. Rural link roads have
been constructed under RLEGP. 1493 families have been given assistance
for minor irrigation, land development, distribution of mini kits
etc. under ASMF.
ECONOMIC AND STATISTIC DEPARTMENT:
The main function of this department is collection
of vital statistics relating to Agriculture, Industry, Education,
Roads, Rainfall, Births and Deaths etc. The department had taken up
National Sample Survey and agriculture census. The department brings
out some periodic publications pertaining to statistical and other
related information of Mizoram.
Construction of the main factory building of Ginger
dehydration plant at Sairang has been completed. The ginger oil and
oleoresin plant is ecpected to be commissioned shortly. Construction
of building at Aizawl for Rural Idustries Development Centre, which
will serve as training-cum-workshop facilities for entrepreneurs,
has been completed and installation of machineries is in progress.
Construction of buildings for Information Centre at Serchhip and Knitting
and Tailoring Centre at Lunglei has been completed. With a view to
encourage local enterpreneurship, 3 Enterpreneurs Development Programme
courses were held at Aizawl, Lunglei and Saiha attended by 96 persons.
15 persons were sent for further training at Industrial development
Institute, Ahmedabad. As many as 547 artisans were assisted by supply
of swing and knitting machine, carpentry and blacksmithy tool. Etc.
A sum of Rs. 80.00 lakhs was allotted during the
current year. 18900 Kgs of cocoons and 4500 kgs. Of raw silk were
produced. Silkworm rearing has benefited 4200 families. The approval
outlay for 1987-1988 is Rs. 100.00 lakhs which will be utilized for
strengthening the existing set- up, construction of grainages, rearing
houses and godowns as well as training is sericulture and marketing.
A sum of Rs. 52.00 lakhs have been provided to the
department during 1986-19887. 23815 quintals of ginger, some quantities
of chillies an broom-sticks have been procured through MIZOFED. The
POL Depot of IOC at Vairengte has also been taken over and proposals
are under way for opening POL retail outlets at Hnah thial and Vairengte.
With a view to enable the MIZOFED to diversity its activities, Government
of India has agreed to sanction Rs. 1.0 crore as working capital for
taking up public distribution system and sanction of rs. 12.52 lakhshas
been accorded for opening 7(seven) new branches of the federation
for the benefit of the rural poor. Government of India, through the
National Cooperative Departmen corporation, have also sanctioned for
the first time a sum of rs. 10.00 lakhs margin money, Rs. 10.40 l
akhs for construction of 5(five) godowns, purchase of one truck and
re-imbursement of rs. 2.04 lakhs to strength en the administrative
set up of MIZOFED and two more group a post have been c related. Feasibility
report for setting up an integrated fruit and vegetable project in
the cooperative sector at an estimated cost of Rs. 301.43 lakhs, with
an annual capacity of 13000 MT has already been submitted to the Central
Government. The plan outlay of Rs. 84.00 lakhs during 1987-1988 will
be utilized for continuing and expanding the e existing schemes.
The Annual Plan Outlay for 1986-1987 is Rs. 281.00
lakhs 3 new Agriculture Sub-Divisions were opened at Tuipang, Tlabung
and Hnahthial. Rs. 32.00 lakhs was spent as price support subsidy
for purchase of Ginger through MIZOFED, which procured 2,500 MT of
Ginger, under the New Land Use Policy, (NLUP)1 ,773 families were
selected during 1984-1985 and 1985-1986 were continued t o be maintained.
Production of rice is expected to go up from 45,000 MT last year to
50000 MT this year. 6.25 MT high yielding variety seeds are produced
from the departmental seed farms. The target of distribution of 7
MT pesticides has also been achieved. The various schemes for training
of farmers were continued and agriculture implements including tractors
and powers tillers were supplied to selected cultivators. 3.15 lakhs
planting materials and 4 MT of improved seeds were distributed to
the cultivators. Additional areas of 615 ha. Of land were covered
under Minor Irrigation. Larger areas have been brought under double
cropping and cultivation of pulses and oil-seeds have been made possible
with increased irrigation facilities.
The department was allotted a sum of s. 29.5 lakhs
during 1986-1987. the 2 Fish Seed Farms at Thenzawl and Chemphai have
produced 2.13 lakhs fish seeds. 13.81 lakhs fish seeds have been procured
and supplied to pisciculturist at 50% subsidized rate. The department
has a program to bring about 400 acres of additional water aras under
pisciculture during this year and also various program for training
of fish farmers and demonstrations. The approved outlay for 1987-1988
is Rs. 30.00 lakhs. The Department proposes to bring more than 160
ha. Of additional water area under pisciculture during the n ext year.
It is also proposed to set up an Indoor H atchery Unit at Bilkhawthlir
and 2 Fry Distribution Centres at Thingdawl and Lokicherra. It is
expected to produce 2500 MT fish during the year 1987-1988.
SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT:
The department has attached great importance to the
settlement of jhummia families to permanent way o cultivation during
the Seventh Plan period. To achieve this objective, schemes such as
terracing, cash crop cultivation and construction of link roads were
taken up. During 1986-1987, a sum of rs. 172.32 lakhs were allocated
out of which Rs. 110.74 lakhs was spent for implementation of family
oriented schemes. A number of schemes were undertaken to check soil
erosion and for reducing susrface run-off. 346 hectres of land covered
under gully control scheme, 540 hectares under contour bunding and
280 hectares under water harvesting schemes.
The approved plan outlay of the department during
1987-1988 is Rs. 180.00 lakhs out of which a sum of Rs. 75.50 lakhs
has been earmarked for settlement of jhummia families. It is proposed
to settle 660 families under cash crop plantation and 1350 families
under terracing and irrigation programs. 445 hectares of land are
also proposed to be covered under Soil Conservation department plantations,
cash crop nursery, etc. during 1987-1988.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY & VETERINARY DEARTMENT :
A sum of Rs. 185.00 lakhs was allotted during 1986-1987
out of which Rs. 70.00 lakhs has been earmarked for family oriented
schemes, particularly for settlement of 2180 jhummia families in dairy
farming, hill cattle farming, piggery and other livestick farming.
The Rural Animal Health Centres at Kawnpui, Lungsen and Sangau have
been upgraded to dispensaries status. 10 (ten) more such Centres have
also been opened at Saiphal, Lallen, Bukpui, Lungpho, Lungrang, New
Saiha, Zawngling, Bungtlang (S), Chapui and Borapansury, About 500
families h ave been making dairy farming their sole occupation. The
department has acquired liquied nitrogen plant for introduction of
frozen semen technique which is expected to considerably improved
the genetic quality of cattle in Mioram. The NEC has also sanctioned
schemes for Broiler Chicken production costing Rs. 50.00 lakhs and
fodder seed farm costing Rs. 25.00 lakhs. A sum of rs. 197.00 lakhs
have been allotted to the department for the year 1987-1988. the fund
is proposed to be utilized for expansion if veterinary services, expansion
of existing farms at Lunglei and Dampui, research and education as
well as continuation of the existing schemes.
A sum of Rs. 769.35 lakhs has been provided for 1986-1987
and Rs. 1971.00 lakhs for 1987-1988. Work on the 132 KV Aizawl-Lunglei
line was intensified and Aizawl-Serchhip section was completed by
May, 1986. the entire work in expected to be completed by March, 1987.
Construction of 132 KV Aizawl Sub-Station is expected to be partly
completed during the current year and it will be possible to receive
power from NEEPCO’s Sub-station at Luangmual. The program for 1986-1987
envisages electrification of 50 villages have already been electrified
by January, 1987. 60 villages are proposed to be covered under the
Electrification Program during the next year. Setting up of Wind Electrification
program during the next year. Setting up of wind Electric Generators,
one each at Hmuifang and Sangau will be taken up soon. 5 villages
are expected to be electrified through Solar Photo Voltaic System
by March, 1987. Integrated Rural Energy Program undertaken in Reiek
Community Block in continuing and one more Community Development Block
is proposed to be covered under Integrated Rural Energy Program during
SUPPLY & TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT:
Supply Wing: Procurement of essential commodities
such as rice, sugar iodised salt, POL, controlled cloth and cement
and their distribution is the main function of the department. The
supply position during the year has been year very comfortable. With
the provision of Rs. 27.10 lakhs during the year, 10 godonws and 1
staff quarters were constructed 23 Fair Price Shops were opened against
the target of 20, thus making a total of 790 Fair Price Shops in the
Transport Wing: The strength of the fleet
has been increased from 69 last year to 89 during the current year.
6 more buses are expected to join the fleet by the end of the current
year. Construction of building for Central Workshop at South Hlimen
has commenced. 13 private buses and 33 taxies have been pressed into
service during the year. With the Plan outlay of Rs. 160.00 lakhs
during 1987-1988, the main thrist will be replacement of 23 old buses
and luggage vans, construction of Central Workshop, additional bus
terminal buildings at Aizawl and bus stations at Vairengte and Thenzawl.
Weight & Measures Wing: The wing filed
52 cases in the Courts of violaion of Weights & Measures Acts
and Rules. During the year, 65 ,121 weights and measures instruments
were verified and stamped.
INFORMATION, PUBLIC RELATIONS & TOURISM DEPARTMENT:
The Department has completed opening of offices in
all Districts and sub-divisional headquarters during the y ear. To
promote national integration, the scheme of Inter-state Cultural Exchange
was intensified and as many as 250 youths had been sent to various
places of India on 6 occasions. In turn, Mizoram received cultural
troupes from the Goa, Uttar Pradesh, Maharastra, Gujarat, Manipur
and Madhya Pradesh, Press and photo-coverage are regularly carried
out for the VIPs visiting Mizoram as well as tour of local VIPs 9
Community T.V. sets and 10 Community Receiving sets have been installed
at various places of Mizoam. To facilitate wider coverage, a low power
transmitter-cum-production Centre in under construction at Durtlang.
With a view to encourage tourism. Tourist Lodge at Aizawl was constructed
having 14 room, Conference Hall and Dining Hall. Another Tourist Lodge
having 5 rooms, dormitory nd common room had also been constructed
at Kolasib. Sanction has also been received for construction of Yatri
Niwas at Aizwl at a cost of Rs. 34.00 lakhs and a
Tourist Lodge with 15 rooms at Champhai at a cost of Rs. 18.00 lakhs.
PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT:
A sum of Rs. 1000.00 lakhs has been provided for
road communication during 1986-1987. It is expected to complete 90
kms. Formation cutting. 33 kms widening and improvement works, 180
culverts and minor bridges, 93 kms. Soling and metalling, 40 kms black
topping and costructin of 3 b ridges. A-24 metrs span b ridge over
Vanva nad 52 m etrs span bridge over Tlawng on Aizawl – Thenzawl-
Lunglei road were completed during the year and one foot suspension
bridge over river Kolodyne is also expected to be completed during
this year. A sum of R.180.00 lakhs has been approved for 1987-1988.
In addition, Bairabi road. It is proposed to complete 84 Kms. And
formation culverts and minor bridges, soling and metalling of 105
Kms., black topping of 70 Kms of roads, construction of 3 bridges
and 3 truck terminals.
DISTRICT COUNCIL AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT:
The 2 District Councils are allotted Rs. 114.37 lakhs
during 1986-1987 under Non-Plan an dRs. 36.00 lakhs under Plan. The
Plan funds are utilized for execution of schemes under Rural Communication,
sanitation, Water Supply, Forest, Arts & Culture, etc. The Planning
Commission has allotted Rs. 400.00 lakhs during 1987-1988 for ex ecution
of additional schemes under Rural development, Agriculture, Soil Conservation,
Community Project, Social Welfare, Animal Husbandry, Industries and
I have briefly reviewed the activities and achievements
of the Departments of the Government and their programs. I also wish
to mention that th eGovernemtn has opened a separate Department to
deal with trade and commerce. This department is expected to act as
a catalyst to improve to economic condition of the people of Mizoram
by discovering better avenues of trade and commerce. Tourism used
to be dealt with by the department of Information and Public Relations.
The Government has now established a separate Directorate to promote
Tourism in the State. The Government is also concerned with the unsatisfactory
working environment of the Ministers and Government servants due to
lack of proper accommodation while at the same time huge expenditure
has to be incurred for renting private buildings. The Government would
pay close attention to this problem and would try to solve t he a
cute accommodation problem be constructing more administrative and
residential buildings as Plan program.
You would have notices from the annual Financial
Statement that the estimat ed revenue receipts for 1986-1987 is considerable
less than the Revised Estimate of 1986-1987. This should be no cause
for alarm. The shortfall is only due to the fact that the Government
has no so far received the approved the approved allocations aid for
financing Centrally Sponsored Schemes/Central Plan, etc. and only
token provisions have been indicated in the Budget Estimates for 1987-1988.
It may also be noticed that the estimated internal
revenue receipts of the state for 1987-1988 is Rs. 788.30 lakhs only.
From this, it is evident that major portion of our revenue expenditure
is being met by Grants-in-aid from the Central Government I may also
point out at this stage that our target for mobilization of additional
resources is Rs. 476.00 lakhs. Though there is no proposal in the
Budget for introduction of new taxes, the additional resources h ave
to be mobilized by increasing certain taxes and duties. The Revenue
Department has proposed increased of land revenue from Rs. 13.00 per
bigha to Rs. 20.00 per bigha. It is also proposed to increase, to
some extent, the fees for land recording and redemption fees. It is
also be necessary to revise the tariff rats for electricity and also
taxes on vehicles and bus fares. The Excise duty exemption granted
earlier to military and para-military forces has recently been withdrawn
which netted considerable income for the St ate Government. Efforts
are also being made to mobilize additional resources through State
Lotteries and it is expected that more than Rs. 263.00 lakhs towards
royalty from the State Lottery would be secured by the Government.
We have now attained statehood. While we rejoice
over this fact, we should also realize that create responsibility
h as now devolved on everyone of us. We are now fully responsible
for our welfare and development and we can no monget shift the responsibility
upon the Central Government. While the Central Government has given
us assurance of full co-operation and support, we have to learn to
stand on our own feet. The people of Mizoram may be called upon in
he near future to shoulder heavier burden by way of contributing to
meet at least a small portion of the expenditure required to run the
administration and to meet the growing developmental expenditure.
I am happy to inform you that the Government has formed a Resources
mobilization Committee, which will study ways and means to increase
the resources of the new State. We should all co-operate with this
Committee by supporting the recommendations and also be giving constructive
ideas and suggestions.
While locating additional sources of income is very
essential, it is equally important that we should avoid excessive
and unproductive Government spending.
I would be failing in my duty if I do not express
my appreciation to all the Departments and in particular to the officials
of the Finance department and the Gover nment Press whole dedication
and hard work has enabled me to present this Budget within a very
Mr. Speaker Sir, I think you and all the Members
of the House for giving me your attention. I now place the Supplementary
Demands for 1986-1987 and Budget Estimats for 1987-1988 for consideration
and approval of this august House.