Report of The Assam Agriculture Commission, June 1975



1.01. Assam was one of the few states in India , which were considered self sufficient in the matter of food. However, with the alarming rise in population, the problem of food in Assam is now becoming more and more acute. The population during the decade 1961-71 in Assam rose by 34.95 percent against 24.80 per cent for all India . There has also been steady growth in agricultural production since 1951, the total foodgrains production having risen from 13.1 lakh tonnes in 1950-51 to 20.4 lakh tonnes in 1970-71. But the rate of growth of population in Assam is now almost outstripping food and gradually scarcity conditions are creeping in certain part of the State. Moreover, there is very little diversity in cropping pattern and the main crop of the State is rice. The predominant variety of rice is also the winter rice (Sali), which can hardly permit double cropping. Besides tea, which is a plantation crop, the only commercial crop of importance with farmers is jute. The system of farming practised in the State is almost primitive and modernisation of agriculture has yet to see the light of the day. The impact of science, technology and engineering in the current farming practices in Assam is extremely poor. The area under assured irrigation facility or irrigation potential, fertiliser use and mechanisation which can be taken to measure the degree of modernisation of agriculture, are all unusually low in Assam, as compared to other more-developed states in India. The economy of the State being mainly dependent on agriculture, such a situation presents a gloomy picture the future over all development of Assam.

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